The Impact of the International Unipolarity System on Armed Conflict in the Post-Cold War Era
- A comparative study -
The Changes in the phenomenon of armed conflict in the post-bipolar era, has changed the contours of the war, making its methods, mechanisms and objectives more sophisticated and deadlier for civilians and civilian objects, as well as its adverse effects on combatants and military installations, At an era when one international pole prevailed, and witnessed the active role of war brokers and death traffickers, the so-called shadow soldiers, who set up mercenaries as insurance companies, to secure those seeking protection for the price. That contravened the Charter of the United Nations and the 1997 United Nations Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing and Training of Mercenaries, constituted a crime and violated the principles of international law in territorial sovereignty, the right of States to territorial integrity and the right of peoples to self-determination. It also violates the principles of international humanitarian and human rights law.
The study concluded that the system of international bipolarity was more guaranteed for international stability than the system of international unipolarity, which had contributed to fuelling international conflicts, led to the emergence of new and deadly forms of armed conflict, which had contributed to further violations of human rights at the international level, and led to the collapse of developing countries' own capacities. The study recommended that States develop their legislation to limit the use of their land and recruit their nationals to serve mercenaries, whose activities were aimed at undermining the integrity of the State's territory, overthrowing the political system, violating human rights or undermining the right to self-determination