The balance of powers under the Iraqi constitution of 2005

  • Dr. Shaddad Khalifa Khazaal


Iraq has witnessed an era of change that occurred after the ninth of April 2003, an attempt to build a democratic, civil state based on the rule of institutions and the law. This system has many principles that change the institutions of constitutional governance in Iraq, the most important of which is the duality of the executive authority represented by the President of the Republic who is not politically responsible and the Prime Minister who is accountable to Parliament for his ministers, in addition to the need for a balance and cooperation between the legislative and executive authorities, and the principle of separation of powers contributes to limiting From authoritarian tyranny, whether individually or by a political party or group, and the protection of rights and freedoms. It leads to the legitimacy of the authority and the political system and is an effective means to ensure respect for laws and their proper application.

Feb 12, 2023
How to Cite
KHAZAAL, Dr. Shaddad Khalifa. The balance of powers under the Iraqi constitution of 2005. Tikrit University Journal for Rights - مجلة جامعة تكريت للحقوق, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 2, p. 176-217, feb. 2023. ISSN 2663-8983. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 02 june 2023. doi: